Cosmeceuticals are cosmetic-pharmaceutical hybrids commonly used to improve hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is generally difficult to treat because the older the hyperpigmentation, the harder it is to remove it. For lightening hyperpigmentation, it is necessary to use skin lightening agents. The active lightening ingredients selectively act on the hyperactive cells that produce melanin (melanocytes) and inhibit key steps in melanin synthesis.
Today, most people struggle with the appearance of hyperpigmentation on their face. Hyperpigmentation can occur either in the form of freckles, sun-induced freckles or in more severe forms such as melasma or lentiges. For the most part, hyperpigmentation is not a health risk, but it is an aesthetic problem. Why does our skin even have the color that it has? How does hyperpigmentation occur and what types of hyperpigmentation do we know?